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Rowland Bailey Howard papers

Identifier: M092

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Scope and Content

Letters, diaries, journals, pamphlets, sermons, clippings and speeches from the personal papers of Rowland Bailey Howard. The correspondence is primarily from Howard to family members but also includes a significant number of letters to Rowland from his brother Oliver Otis Howard.

Rowland Bailey Howard's Bowdoin diploma can be found in Class of 1856 records.


  • Creation: 1807-1937, undated
  • Creation: Majority of material found within 1848-1892


Access Restrictions

No restrictions.

Use of Digital Collections

Digital materials may be used for research, educational, and non-commercial purposes without our written permission. For information about publication, visit our policies page or contact

Biographical/Historical Note

Rowland Bailey Howard (1834-1892, Bowdoin Class of 1856), a Congregational minister, was a member of the U.S. Christian Commission during the Civil War; an associate editor and contributing correspondent of The advance, a Congregational journal, from 1875 to 1884; and secretary of the American Peace Society from 1884 until his death.

Howard was graduated from Bangor Theological Seminary in 1860 and served as pastor to Congregational churches in Farmington, Maine (1860-1870), Princeton, Illinois (1870-1875), East Orange, New Jersey (1875-1879), and Rockport, Massachusetts (1879-1884).

Howard married twice. His first wife, Mary Ellen "Ella" Patten (b. 1836), of Bath, died in 1871, leaving three children: David Patten Howard (b. 1861); Oliver Otis Howard, Jr. (1865-1944); and Francis Gilman Howard (1869-1937). Howard was married again, in 1873, to Helen J. Graves (1836-1932) of Farmington. They had two children: Ella Howard (1875-1964) and Rowland Sewall Howard (b. 1878).

Rowland Bailey Howard died in 1892 in Rome, Italy.


4.25 Linear Feet

Language of Materials



Letters, diaries, journals, pamphlets, sermons, clippings and speeches from the personal papers of Rowland Bailey Howard.

Reproduction Note

This collection is available online.

Related Materials

This collection complements the papers of Howard's brothers, Oliver Otis Howard (Bowdoin 1850) and Charles Henry Howard (Bowdoin 1859).

General Note

Full transcriptions of the correspondence, as well as alphabetical and chronological correspondence indexes, have been compiled by Russell and Rosalie Howard; electronic versions of the transcriptions and indexes are available here, courtesy of the Howards (Adobe Acrobat Reader required):

Alphabetical index of correspondents (PDF file).

Chronological index of correspondents (PDF file).

Transcriptions of Letters, chronological (PDF file).

Guide to the Rowland Bailey Howard Papers
Language of description
Script of description

Repository Details

Part of the George J. Mitchell Department of Special Collections & Archives, Bowdoin College Library, Brunswick, Maine 04011 Repository

3000 College Station
Brunswick Maine 04011 USA
(207) 725-3288