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Earland E. Hedblom papers

Identifier: M344

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Scope and Contents

The Earland E Hedblom papers date from 1939 to 1975 and measure 2.5 linear feet in 2 boxes. The papers are arranged in five series: Correspondence, Artic Research & Writings, Resource Files, Operation Reports, and Photographs.

The Correspondence series (1951-1971) consists of a small collection of professional correspondence related to Hedblom’s work in the Navy.

The Artic Research and Writings series (1950-1971) encompasses Hedblom’s own research notes and published writings about polar medicine.

The Resource Files series (1939-1973) contain published materials related to Hedblom’s own research interests, namely survival in cold temperatures, physiological effects of the cold, and how to prepare for Artic weather.

Operational reports from Operation Deep Freeze I through IV along with journal entries and reports from other expeditions into Antarctica can be found in the Operation Reports series (1955-1965).

Photographs from Hedblom’s operations in the Artic, portraits of the captain, and other images are in the Photographs series (1947-1965).


  • Creation: 1939 - 1975


Conditions Governing Access

No restrictions.

Biographical / Historical

In 1914, Earland Everett Hedblom was born into the family of Swedish immigrants in Loveland, Colorado. His father, Edward Emanuel Hedblom, worked in the railroad industry. He graduated from Colorado College in 1935 and the University of Colorado School of Medicine in 1939. He married Ruby Kysar Hedblom and had two children.

Hedblom joined the United States Naval Station at Tongue Point, Oregon during the second world war. The family moved to Whiting Field Naval Air Station in Santa Rosa, Florida, in 1950. In 1955, Captain Hedblom became the staff surgeon for Commander of the US Navy Support Force in Antarctica. He would help coordinate operation “Deep Freeze,” which maneuvered Navy service members to fly to the Antarctic continent to support civilian scientists doing research. He lectured to the Para-Rescue Team assigned to the Navy’s VX-6 Air Development Squadron that provided air support for studies in Antarctica. He served as the Medical Officer of Task Force 43 in the Ross Sea area for Operation Deep Freeze I from 1955 to 1956. In 1961, Hedblom authored the “Polar Manual” for the Department of Cold Weather Medicine of the US Naval Medical School as a guide those working in the most frigid of temperatures. This work situated him as an expert on Arctic medicine and the physiological effect of cold. He assisted in the 1965 revisions of his work as the medical consultant to the Arctic Institute of North America and the Cold Weather Medical Consultant to Surgeon, Alaska Naval Command.

Earland E. Hedblom died in 1982 in Brunswick, Maine. The Hedblom Glacier between Mount Creak and Tito Peak in Victoria Land, Antarctica is named after Captain E.E. Hedblom.


2 Linear Feet

Language of Materials



United States Navy Medical Corps member and chief medical officer on Operation Deep Freeze I in Antarctica beginning in 1955, and later one of the U. S. Navy's key experts on polar medicine.

Immediate Source of Acquisition

The collection was donated by Earland Hedblom Jr. in 2018.

Guide to the Earland E. Hedblom Papers
Emma Barton-Norris
Description rules
Describing Archives: A Content Standard
Language of description
Script of description

Repository Details

Part of the George J. Mitchell Department of Special Collections & Archives, Bowdoin College Library, Brunswick, Maine 04011 Repository

3000 College Station
Brunswick Maine 04011 USA
(207) 725-3288